Albert Einstine was born in Wuttemberg, Genrmany on March 14th 1879. He studied Maths and Physics in Germany and then Switzerland. In 1905 After graduating,
In 1905, Albert Einstein determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and that the speed of light in a vacuum was independent of the motion of all observers. This was the theory of special relativity. It introduced a new frame work for all of physics and proposed new concepts of space and time.
Einstein then spent 10 years trying to include acceleration in the theory and published his theory of general relativity in 1915. In it, he determined that massive objects cause a distortion in space-time, which is felt as gravity.
Einstein worked in a patent office and it was while working there that he produced his famous equation, the Theory of Relativity. The The Of Relativity, E=MC2 ( Energy is equal to Mass Squared to speed of light) is an equation that proves that mass and energy are different states of the same thing and are intercangeable. The theory shows that neither can be destroyed but under particular circumstances either can be turned into the other.
An example of this can be seen in a star or sun, where the gases are annihilated and turned into light and heat energy. Einstein discovered that all mass in the universe had once been energy fiven off by the Big bang.
A New era In Physics
Einstien;s Theory of Relativity changed the way that scientists considered all matter, and also helped them to understand the relationship between time and space. His genius became well known all around the world and he was invited to work in the USA at Princeton University. He was also given the Nobel Prize for Physics.
Although Einstein was a pacifist, one of the consequences he did not foresee for his Theory of Relativity was the development of nuclear weapons. Nuclear detonation is a method of truning a given mass instantly to heat energy with resulting devastation. In world War Two Eisntein belived that the Germens were creating a nuclear weapon and advised the USA to do the same in order to protect themselves. The result was the Manhattan Project, the research program that ultimately led to the first nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.